Zimbabwe is situated on a high plateau in Southern Africa, between the Zambezi and the Limpopo rivers. It shares borders with Zambia, Mozambique, South Africa and Botswana. Zimbabwe is equal to the size of California.
Hwange National Park is the country’s largest game reserve, a vast, flattish, savanna land, located in the western part of Zimbabwe. Further north in the Zambezi Valley is Mana Pools National Park. Along the banks of the river and the four large pools which give the area its name, huge trees provide shade and shelter for the many animals there.
Zimbabwe’s foremost attraction remains the Victoria Falls, one of the seven natural wonders of the world.
In the last quarter of the 19th century, Cecil Rhodes began the British colonial expansion into modern-day Zimbabwe. On 12 September 1923, Rhodesia became a self-governing British crown colony. It later became part of a federation with Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland. The federation was dissolved in 1963. During the years of federation the parties are formed which will subsequently fight the bitter struggle for the future of an independent Rhodesia.
Kenneth Kuanda and Robert Mugabe became the leaders of the African nationalist movement. Ian Smith founded the Rhodesian Front, committed to white supremacist policies and offering the promise of an independent Rhodesia governed by the European minority. Ian Smith declares Rhodesia to be an independent country. Rhodesia reverted briefly to a British colony, then elections were held and Robert Mugabe won a decisive victory. The newly independent nation takes the ancient name Zimbabwe. Today Robert Mugabe is still in power in Zimbabwe.
The climate is warm with a daily sunshine average of seven hours all year round. Generally, days are bright and sunny and nights clear and cold. Within the country, temperatures and rainfall are directly influenced by altitude. The highveld and eastern highlands are cooler and the lowveld and the Zambezi Valley hotter, with summer temperatures often soaring over 95F (35C), well above the highveld average of 82 F (28C). November to April are rainy summer months, with the dry winter running from May to July, when daytime winter temperatures range from 55F (13C) to 68F (20C) but can fall to 23F (-5C) at night. The August to October period is particular hot and dry.
Temperature (Degrees F) – These are the average lows and highs.
Average Rainfall (inches). This varies according to the year and your location.
VFA = Victoria Falls
The official language is English. Shona and Sindabele are the most commonly spoken languages.
For more information on Zimbabwe, visit the Zimbabwe Tourist Board.