Johannesburg is the largest city in South Africa. Johannesburg is the provincial capital of Gauteng, the wealthiest province in South Africa, having the largest economy of any metropolitan region in Sub-Saharan Africa. The city is one of the 40 largest metropolitan areas in the world and it is one of Africa’s only two global cities. While Johannesburg does not form one of South Africa’s three capital cities, it does house the Constitutional Court – South Africa’s highest court.
Johannesburg is the source of a large-scale gold and diamond trade, due to its location on the mineral-rich Witwatersrand range of hills. Johannesburg is served by O.R. Tambo International Airport, the largest and busiest airport in Africa and a gateway for international air travel to and from the rest of southern Africa. Johannesburg also encompasses Soweto to the southwest, a township that the apartheid government established to accommodate the large number of migrant workers.
Activities include the Apartheid Museum or a tour of Soweto. Visitors can also visit Gold Reef City to learn about the gold mining industry, Pretoria (the administrative capital of South Africa), go on a cradle of mankind tour to learn about early man or even visit a cheetah conservation center.