The Ngorongoro Crater is the world’s largest unbroken, unflooded volcanic caldera. The Crater was formed when a giant volcano exploded and collapsed on itself some two to three million years ago.
The crater highlands on the side facing the easterly trade winds is covered largely in montane forest, while the less-steep west wall is grassland and bushland dotted with Euphorbia_bosseri trees. The crater floor is mostly open grassland with two small wooded areas dominated by Acacia xanthophloea.
Animal populations in the crater include most of the species found in East Africa. Aside from herds of zebra, gazelle, and wildebeest, the crater is home to the “big five” of rhinoceros, lion, leopard, elephant, and buffalo. The crater plays host to almost every individual species of wildlife in East Africa, with an estimated 25,000 animals within the crater.
Game drives on the crater floor are popular with visitors as the crater has a permanent population of more than 30,000 animals in about 100 square miles in the 2,000 foot deep crater, where guests may see the entire Big Five in the course of a single game drive.
Safaris to this area:
In addition to the following safaris, we can create a customized safari for you.
Migration, Lake and Crater
9 day/8 night Safari in Kenya and Tanzania – Luxury Tented and Game Lodge Safari
Featuring Masai Mara National Reserve, Lake Manyara National Park, Serengeti National Park and Ngorongoro Crater
Treasures of Tanzania
7 nights/8 days – Luxury Tented and Game Lodge Safari
Featuring Lake Manyara, Serengeti National Park and Ngorongoro Crater
Natural Wonders of Tanzania and Kenya
13 nights/14 days
Featuring Serengeti National Park, Ngorongoro Crater and Masai Mara
6 nights/7 days
Featuring Ngorongoro Crater and Serengeti National Park
Best of Tanzania
12-day Migration Safari
Tarangire, Ngorongoro Crater, Olduvai Gorge, Serengeti